209 Result(s) found

Toxic substances

Data

Cement kilns

The cement industry is a major contributor to climate change. The production of cement, the second most consumed product in the world after water, is one of the most energyintensive industrial processes. Although the cement companies are committed to reducing their emissions under the Kyoto Protocol, its strategies to achieve this are causing serious environmental, social and economic problems.


Document Type: Report&Data

Technologies

The cement industry is a major contributor to climate change. The production of cement, the second most consumed product in the world after water, is one of the most energyintensive industrial processes. Although the cement companies are committed to reducing their emissions under the Kyoto Protocol, its strategies to achieve this are causing serious environmental, social and economic problems.


Document Type: Report&Data

International laws & policies

The cement industry is a major contributor to climate change. The production of cement, the second most consumed product in the world after water, is one of the most energyintensive industrial processes. Although the cement companies are committed to reducing their emissions under the Kyoto Protocol, its strategies to achieve this are causing serious environmental, social and economic problems.


Document Type: Report&Data

Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) funding for incineration and landfills currently represents a lost opportunity to reduce pollution and help improve the welfare and standards of living of some of the poorest people in the world. Additionally, this funding incentivizes the destruction of valuable resources that would otherwise have been recovered with significant climate benefits. The following are a few examples of waste projects that have been approved or are being considered for CDM approval, and where there is growing community and waste worker opposition to the project.


Region: Asia-Pacific
Year of publication : 2009
Document Type: Press

Policies and Politics

The cement industry is a major contributor to climate change. The production of cement, the second most consumed product in the world after water, is one of the most energyintensive industrial processes. Although the cement companies are committed to reducing their emissions under the Kyoto Protocol, its strategies to achieve this are causing serious environmental, social and economic problems.


Document Type: Report&Data

Biomass

We can take steps, large and small, to stop the climate crisis. What we cannot afford to do is go down the wrong road. Hoodwinked in the Hothouse is an easy and essential guide to navigating the landscape of false solutions—the cul-desacs on the route to a just and livable climate future. Includes Waste-to-Energy, Landfill-gas-retrieval, and biomass.


Document Type: Report&Data

Grassroots movements & campaigns

This booklet is: A starting point. We hope these ideas will be quickly deepened or replaced by our peers as we expand and extend this conversation; An articulation of a political framework (Climate Justice) to understand some of the challenges we face and respond to them. It isn’t static. It isn’t the only useful framework in addressing climate change, either.


Document Type: Practical resources

Climate Impacts

We can take steps, large and small, to stop the climate crisis. What we cannot afford to do is go down the wrong road. Hoodwinked in the Hothouse is an easy and essential guide to navigating the landscape of false solutions—the cul-desacs on the route to a just and livable climate future. Includes Waste-to-Energy, Landfill-gas-retrieval, and biomass.


Document Type: Report&Data

This booklet is: A starting point. We hope these ideas will be quickly deepened or replaced by our peers as we expand and extend this conversation; An articulation of a political framework (Climate Justice) to understand some of the challenges we face and respond to them. It isn’t static. It isn’t the only useful framework in addressing climate change, either.


Document Type: Practical resources

Waste management practices are an important, although oft-neglected, contributor to climate change. Waste disposal drives climate change directly through the release of greenhouse gases, including carbon dioxide (CO2) and nitrous oxide (N2O) from incinerators and methane (CH4) from landfills. Waste disposal also drives climate change indirectly by depriving the economy of reused, recycled and composted materials, thus requiring increased extraction of raw materials, an extremely energy-intensive process.


Year of publication : 2008
Document Type: Report&Data

Waste pickers

For the urban poor in developing countries, informal waste recycling is a common way to earn income. There are few reliable estimates of the number of people engaged in waste picking or of its economic and environmental impact. Yet studies suggest that when organized and supported, waste picking can spur grassroots investment by poor people, create jobs, reduce poverty, save municipalities money, improve industrial competitiveness, conserve natural resources, and protect the environment.


Year of publication : 2008
Document Type: Report&Data

Zero Waste

Waste management practices are an important, although oft-neglected, contributor to climate change. Waste disposal drives climate change directly through the release of greenhouse gases, including carbon dioxide (CO2) and nitrous oxide (N2O) from incinerators and methane (CH4) from landfills. Waste disposal also drives climate change indirectly by depriving the economy of reused, recycled and composted materials, thus requiring increased extraction of raw materials, an extremely energy-intensive process.


Year of publication : 2008
Document Type: Report&Data

Growing numbers of communities around the world are adopting Zero Waste policies, having become frustrated with the progress of governments and businesses to deal with the waste crisis. By doing so they are sending a powerful message to decision-makers and business that communities no longer want to be the final dumping ground for the outputs of the industrial system - and that cheap, easy disposal is coming to an end. At the time of writing, over half of New Zealand’s City and District Councils have adopted Zero Waste policies.


Region: Asia-Pacific
Year of publication : 2003
Document Type: Report&Data, Practical resources

Landfill

We can take steps, large and small, to stop the climate crisis. What we cannot afford to do is go down the wrong road. Hoodwinked in the Hothouse is an easy and essential guide to navigating the landscape of false solutions—the cul-desacs on the route to a just and livable climate future. Includes Waste-to-Energy, Landfill-gas-retrieval, and biomass.


Document Type: Report&Data

Incineration / waste-to-energy

We can take steps, large and small, to stop the climate crisis. What we cannot afford to do is go down the wrong road. Hoodwinked in the Hothouse is an easy and essential guide to navigating the landscape of false solutions—the cul-desacs on the route to a just and livable climate future. Includes Waste-to-Energy, Landfill-gas-retrieval, and biomass.


Document Type: Report&Data

Economic Impacts

In recent years, the European Commission has continuously developed the tool of cost-benefit analysis to better inform decision-makers in the process of settling on new directives and regulations concerning the environment. However, according to the Terms of Reference of this assignment “most studies in the field of waste have been restricted to an analysis of costs and, at best, a relatively superficial description of benefits”.


Region: Europe
Year of publication : 2000
Document Type: Report&Data

1. Depending on the system, container deposit-return (CDR) systems create 11 to 38 times more jobs than curbside recycling. 2. On average, states with deposit-return systems recover roughly three times more beverage containers than non-CDR states. 3. Jobs gained from recycling far exceed any jobs lost in virgin extraction, landfilling or domestic manufacturing. 4. U.S. PET reclaimers currently operate at less than 60% capacity due to a lack of quality source materials. 5. The U.S. loses 800 jobs per year to overseas markets due to the export of PET.


Document Type: Factsheet

Recycling

The importance of preserving material quality and avoiding cross-contamination has become a common theme in many recent technical reports on recycling.


Region: North America
Year of publication : 2012
Document Type: Press

Container deposits increase container recovery, reduce environmental pollution, create jobs and place the cost of recovery on those who produce and consume the containers.


Region: North America
Year of publication : 2005
Document Type: Report&Data

While the recycling's impact on jobs has been the subject of several studies in recent years, Returning to Work is the first report to take into account the vital importance of material quality, throughput quantities, processing dynamics and end-user needs to analyze the net gains in domestic jobs when beverage containers are recovered through recycling.


Region: North America
Year of publication : 2011
Document Type: Report&Data

1. Depending on the system, container deposit-return (CDR) systems create 11 to 38 times more jobs than curbside recycling. 2. On average, states with deposit-return systems recover roughly three times more beverage containers than non-CDR states. 3. Jobs gained from recycling far exceed any jobs lost in virgin extraction, landfilling or domestic manufacturing. 4. U.S. PET reclaimers currently operate at less than 60% capacity due to a lack of quality source materials. 5. The U.S. loses 800 jobs per year to overseas markets due to the export of PET.


Document Type: Factsheet

As a waste management consultant, rarely do I come across another consultant’s report that not only delights and excites, but compels me to promote, disseminate, and speak-out about its findings. Such was the case several months ago when Dr. Jeffery Morris of Sound Resource Management, based in the State of Washington, responded to my request for information on quantifying the benefits of using finished compost.


Year of publication : 2008
Document Type: Press

Collection / Source separation

The importance of preserving material quality and avoiding cross-contamination has become a common theme in many recent technical reports on recycling.


Region: North America
Year of publication : 2012
Document Type: Press

While single-stream recycling is more convenient for consumers and results in lower costs than other collection systems, it also results in more contamination of collected materials, lower material quality, and increased waste. Using data from industry reports and interviews with recyclers, this report that highlights the economic and environmental impacts of switching to a single-stream system.


Region: North America
Year of publication : 2009
Document Type: Report&Data

Single-stream recycling is a system in which all recyclables, including newspaper, cardboard, plastic, aluminum, junk mail, etc., are placed in a single bin or cart for recycling. These recyclables are collected by a single truck and taken to a Materials Recovery Facility (MRF) to be sorted into various commodity streams for sale to markets, where it is processed into feedstock which can be used in the manufacture of new products.


Document Type: Factsheet

Comprehensive Analysis

Container deposits increase container recovery, reduce environmental pollution, create jobs and place the cost of recovery on those who produce and consume the containers.


Region: North America
Year of publication : 2005
Document Type: Report&Data

While the recycling's impact on jobs has been the subject of several studies in recent years, Returning to Work is the first report to take into account the vital importance of material quality, throughput quantities, processing dynamics and end-user needs to analyze the net gains in domestic jobs when beverage containers are recovered through recycling.


Region: North America
Year of publication : 2011
Document Type: Report&Data

Local/National laws & policies

Growing numbers of communities around the world are adopting Zero Waste policies, having become frustrated with the progress of governments and businesses to deal with the waste crisis. By doing so they are sending a powerful message to decision-makers and business that communities no longer want to be the final dumping ground for the outputs of the industrial system - and that cheap, easy disposal is coming to an end. At the time of writing, over half of New Zealand’s City and District Councils have adopted Zero Waste policies.


Region: Asia-Pacific
Year of publication : 2003
Document Type: Report&Data, Practical resources

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