Informe de la gestión de residuos en América Latina y el Caribe sustentado en el levantamiento de información en varios municipios de la región. Documento recoge además experiencias exitosas de la región que pueden servir como ejemplo de buenas prácticas.
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Comparación de posibles rutas tecnológicas en Brasil: incineración "mass burn" versus digestión anaeróbica.
La incineración es una tecnología que trata a los residuos urbanos, médicos e industriales
utilizando altas temperaturas. Transforma materiales de descarte tales como papeles, plásticos,
metales y desechos alimenticios en cenizas, gases de combustión, contaminantes atmosféricos,
calor, efluentes líquidos, entre otras emisiones.
In many cities in developing countries, the most serious environmental and health problems are related with inadequate solid waste management (SWM). Urbanization or an increase in population, respectively, leads to increased waste generation in urban areas. Most problems are strongly related to inappropriate treatment of the organic fraction of municipal solid waste (OMSW). Composting and anaerobic digestion (AD) are seen as the most favored options to deal with OMSW.
In 1997, the Regional County Municipality (MRC) of La Matapédia, Que., successfully undertook an innovative pilot project in the area of domestic composting with the municipality of San Vicente in El Salvador. With the support of the Federation of Canadian Municipalities’ International Centre for Municipal Development (FCM - ICMD), the MRC decided to renew its involvement, this time in other regions of El Salvador.
Report from First International and Third Latin American Conference of Waste-Pickers. The First World Conference of Waste Pickers was held in Bogota, Colombia, from March 1st to 4th, 2008. Thirty-four countries were represented at the event, which brought together participants from Latin America, Asia, Europe, North America and Africa. Participants were waste-pickers of solid waste, as well as representatives of development agencies, NGOs, private enterprise and government.
Belo Horizonte has a strong and extensive tradition in municipal planning. Waste management has been a municipal priority and concern since 1900. In the last few decades the City has been at the centre of solid waste management development in Brazil particularly regarding its approach to integration of the informal recycling sector. The Superintendência de Limpeza Urbana (SLU) was created in 1993.
La Pintana is one of the communes that constitute the Metropolitan Region of Chile. Despite belonging to the national capital region, this is one of the poorest communities in the country. Nonetheless, while other governments may see this as an obstacle to the incorporation of waste prevention and resource recovery strategies, La Pintana decided to focus on making better use of the available resources and started a promising program that is already yielding significant results.