The Landfill Gas to Energy (LFGTE) Task Force was asked to evaluate whether LFGTE facilities decrease or increase net greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. We have unanimously concluded that reliance on landfill gas to generate electricity results in increased net GHG emissions.
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This document is available as supplementary data for inclusion as online documentation. It includes:
a) Table 1, showing the list of tumors analyzed
b) Table 2, showing a description of industrial facilities analyzed in the paper
c) Table 3, showing the types of substances and amounts released to air by Spanish–based incinerators and hazardous waste treatment installations
This report lays down some challenges to conventional wisdom and some dearly held beliefs. It is a piece of work which, from the author’s perspective, has been many years in its gestation, and which has a number of important implications.
Waste policy has important climate change impacts, from, at one end, the emission savings by waste prevention or from recycling, to at the other end, the problem of methane emissions from landfill. Waste prevention is the most beneficial option from a climate point of view, followed by reuse and recycling; landfill and incineration are worse options. The UK Government is currently reviewing England’s waste policy, and is proposing to process 25% through energy from waste.
1. A zero waste approach is one of the fastest, cheapest, and most effective strategies we can use to protect the climate and the environment. Significantly decreasing waste disposed in landfills and incinerators will reduce greenhouse gases the equivalent to closing one-fifth of U.S. coal-fired power plants. This is comparable to leading climate protection proposals such as improving vehicle fuel efficiency.
This report by GAIA and Essential Action details the problems of waste incineration: pollutant releases both to air and other media, economic costs and employment costs, energy loss, unsustainability, and incompatibility with other waste management systems, and the health and environmental effects of pollutants emitted by incinerators.
Introduction to health effects of incineration. Occupational health impacts. Health impacts on populations living near to incinerators. Environmental contamination. Incinerator releases. The solution: reduce, re-use and recycle and phase out incineration.
American taxpayers and ratepayers are subsidizing a form of “renewable” energy—biomass electricity- that causes short and long-term harm to the public health and the environment. There are 234 of these so-called “clean and green” biomass electricity projects proposed for the U.S. The scale of these plants ranges from 25 to more than 100 megawatts (MW), often dwarfing the 255 existing biomass power facilities, which generally range from 2 to 5 MW capacity.
The first section explains the legal obligations for waste prevention and the opportunities for waste prevention. The second section talks about the methodology, the different levels of action, the instruments of waste prevention, monitoring of a waste prevention programme, prevention indicators, who and how to monitor the indicators, and example of actions by waste streams.